Experimental implementation of a silicon wafer tandem solar cell
We combine aluminum back surface field (Al-BSF) solar cell precursors with an additional rear side infrared active floating emitter in a tandem cell configuration. This emitter is implemented area selectively by fs-laser hyperdoping in a sulfurous atmosphere. Its design as a floating emitter conceals losses induced by the laser process as long as n-doping occurs. All processes are adapted and supplemented by just a single new process step.