The influence of artificial weathering and treatment with FE–DBD plasma in atmospheric conditions on wettability of wood surfaces
The treatment of wood surfaces with plasma in atmospheric conditions is a well–known and researched processing technique. In this study, we introduce a new approach of wood surface treatment using a floating electrode dielectric barrier discharge (FE–DBD) plasma. The main principle of this kind of plasma is that wood represents an object for charge storage and the potential of the electrodes is changing according to the surround-ings in the moment of voltage supply from high voltage source. The appearance of the discharge electric fields was firstly simulated with computer software and later analysed in real conditions. Additionally, plasma was characterised by optical emission spectros-copy as elemental analysis of the discharge. The designed FE–DBD technique was ap-plied to some extent artificially weathered common beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and Nor-way spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) wood surfaces, in order to their re–activation and improvement of their wettability by commercial water-based coating. The results showed that contact angles of the droplets of applied liquids and waterborne coating decreased with weathering time, as well as after performed plasma treatment process.