Topological analysis of a novel compact omnidirectional three-legged robot with parallel hip structures regarding locomotion capability and load distribution
In this study, a novel design for a compact, lightweight, agile, omnidirectional three-legged robot involving legs with four degrees of freedom, utilizing an spherical parallel mechanism with an additional non-redundant central support joint for the robot hip structure is proposed. The general design and conceptual ideas for the robot are presented, targeting a close match of the well-known SLIP-model. CAD models, 3d-printed prototypes, and proof-of-concept multi-body simulations are shown, investigating the feasibility to employ a geometrically dense spherical parallel manipulator with completely spherically shaped shell-type parts for the highly force-loaded application in the legged robot hip mechanism. Furthermore, in this study, an analytic expression is derived, yielding the calculation of stress forces acting inside the linkage structures, by directly constructing the manipulator hip Jacobian inside the force domain.