Development of a general PAT strategy for online monitoring of complex mixtures : on the example of natural product extracts from bearberry leaf (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
For the first time, a universally applicable and methodical approach from characterization to a PAT concept for complex mixtures is conducted—exemplified on natural products extraction processes. Bearberry leaf (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) extract is chosen as an example of a typical complex mixture of natural plant origin and generalizable in its composition. Within the quality by design (QbD) based process development the development and implementation of a concept for process analytical technology (PAT), a key enabling technology, is the next necessary step in risk and quality-based process development and operation. To obtain and provide an overview of the broad field of PAT, the development process is shown on the example of a complex multi-component plant extract. This study researches the potential of different process analytical technologies for online monitoring of different component groups and classifies their possible applications within the framework of a QbD-based process. Offline and online analytics are established on the basis of two extraction runs. Based on this data set, PLS models are created for the spectral data, and correlations are conducted for univariate data. In a third run, the prediction potential is researched. Conclusively, the results of this study are arranged in the concept of a holistic quality and risk-based process design and operation concept.