Adhesion behavior of Ti-PMMA-Ti sandwiches for biomedical applications
The ‘‘stress-shielding’’ problem, common with metallic implants, may be solved by using biocompatible sandwiches with a polymeric core between two metallic skin sheets. To achieve such sandwiches, a process route has been developed, beginning with the grafting of poly-(methyl-methacrylate) (PMMA) on titanium (Ti) sheets via the ‘‘grafting from’’ technique. Grafting resulted in variable thicknesses of PMMA on the Ti sheets. Hot-pressing was used to prepare semi-finished Ti–PMMA–Ti sandwiches. The adhesion was achieved by the interpenetration between PMMA sheet and the grafted PMMA chains. Investigation was carried out to understand the influence of the grafted PMMA thickness on the adhesion strength. Similar adhesion strengths were found for the sandwiches despite variable grafted PMMA thicknesses, indicating a successful grafting of PMMA on large-scale Ti sheets. The adhesion followed the autohesion theory, where a time-dependent increase in adhesion strength was found for the sandwiches.