Trends in metal-based composite biomaterials for hard tissue applications
The world of biomaterials has been continuously evolving. Where in the past only mono-material implants were used, the growth in technology and collaboration between researchers from different sectors has led to a tremendous improvement in implant industry. Nowadays, composite materials are one of the leading research areas for biomedical applications. When we look toward hard tissue applications, metal-based composites seem to be desirable candidates. Metals provide the mechanical and physical properties needed for load-bearing applications, which when merged with beneficial properties of bioceramics/polymers can help in the creation of remarkable bioactive as well biodegradable implants. Keeping this in mind, this review will focus on various production routes of metal-based composite materials for hard tissue applications. Where possible, the pros and cons of the techniques have been provided.